Eighth Grade


8th Grade - Notes

The Elements of Art:

Line - Shape - Color - Value - Form - Space - Texture

The Principles of Design:

Balance - Contrast - Emphasis - Pattern - Unity - Movement - Rhythm


Hue:  another name for color.

Primary Colors (1st): (red, yellow, blue) three colors used to create all other colors.  

Bonus: These colors can not be made by mixing any other colors.

Secondary Colors (2nd): (green, orange, purple) a color that is formed by mixing two primary colors.

Tertiary Colors (3rd): color formed by mixing a primary and a secondary color together.

Pattern:  made in art when the same shapes or elements are repeated; decorates surfaces.

Medium:   a tool used to make art (markers, paint, paper, clay, etc.)       

Portrait:  a picture of a person

Self Portrait:  a picture of the artist creating the work

Critique:  the discussion or evaluation of visual art.

v    Abstract Art – art that does not attempt to represent reality, but achieves its effect using shapes, forms, colors, and textures.
v    Mixed Media Art – a technique involving the use of a   combination of media or materials.

Line – (Element of Art) a point moving in space

Value – (Element of Art) the lightness or darkness of tones or colors

Optical Illusion Art (Op Art) – art that deceives the eye/brainby appearing to                                                   be other than it is.

Horizon Line:  1)the viewer's eye line. 2) land meets sky

Vanishing Point:  spot on the horizon line where all lines meet/disappear



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