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Ms. Lewis-El

ReadingWelcome to the Reading Room!Reading


For the 2018-2019 school year, the monthly literacy foci will center around metacognitive strategies. Metacognitive strategies are strategies that encourage readers to think about their thinking. These metacognitive strategies are overarching reading strategies; they can be taught in conjunction with or alongside the specific reading and writing skills the literacy instructor is teaching.




Monthly Literacy Focus: Making Connections (Text-to-Text, Text-to-Self, and Text-to-World)

Our previous experiences, knowledge, emotions, and understandings affect what and how we learn. Struggling readers often move directly through a text without stopping to consider whether the text makes sense based on their own background knowledge, or whether their knowledge can be used to help them understand confusing or challenging materials; conversely, good readers draw on prior knowledge and experience to help them understand what they are reading and are thus able to use that knowledge to make connections. Tapping into prior knowledge and experiences is a good starting place when teaching strategies to make connections to text because every student has experiences, knowledge, opinions, and emotions that they can draw upon.

  • Text-to-self connections are highly personal connections that a reader makes between a piece of reading material and the reader’s own experiences or life. An example of a text-to-self connection might be, "This story reminds me of a vacation we took to my grandfather’s farm."
  • Text-to-text connections are when readers are reminded of other things that they have read, other books by the same author, stories from a similar genre, or perhaps on the same topic.“This character has the same problem that I read about in a story last year,” would be an example of a text-to-text connection.
  • Text-to-world connections are the larger connections that a reader brings to a reading situation. We all have ideas about how the world works that goes far beyond our own personal experiences. An example of a text-to-world connection would be when a reader says, "I saw a program on television that talked about things described in this article."

Reasons why connecting to text helps readers:

  • It helps readers understand how characters feel and the motivation behind their actions.
  • It helps readers have a clearer picture in their head as they read thus making the reader more engaged.
  • It keeps the reader from becoming bored while reading.
  • It sets a purpose for reading and keeps the reader focused.
  • Readers can see how other readers connected to the reading.
  • It forces readers to become actively involved.
  • It helps readers remember what they have read and ask questions about the text.

Monthly Literacy Activity: Scholastic Book Fair


You, the RAPCS community member


Take a look and buy a book (or 2!) from our book fair!


November 15-November 22, 2018, RAPCS 1st floor conference room

November 26-November 28: see Ms. Lewis-El


November 15-November 22, 2018, all day (even during report conferences!).

November 26-November 28 by special request to Ms. Lewis-El


Because RAPCS reads!



Congratulations to last month’s winners of the Grade Level Word Games:

Nadirah Wilson, 


Monthly Literacy Focus: Visualizing and Using Your Senses

Reading is so much easier and fun we you engage your five senses! Pay close attention to the words used in a text and you can see the sights, listen to the sounds, smell the aromas, taste the flavors, and feel the sensations described in a book. A mature reader can experience a text like a movie playing in his or her mind’s eye, or even imagine the sensations that would be experinced if the text’s events actual took place in real life. By reading aloud, illustration scenes or predictions, drawing on prior knowledge, and bringing in media to make connections to the story, readers can use all five of their senses to deepen their engagement with a book!

Monthly Literacy Activity: Grade Level Word Games 


Congratulations to last month’s winners of the Welcome to  RAPCS Crossword Puzzle:

Princess Benjamin, Michael Cochran, Mamadou Dosso, Johnny Huang, and Syncere Newsuan 



Monthly Literacy Focus: Activating Prior Knowledge

Understanding what you are reading can sometimes be quite a task! Fortunately, when you think about what you already know about the topic or prime your mind with easily understandable informaton about the topic -like a song or video- comprehension is much easier.

Monthly Literacy Activity: Welcome to RAPCS Crossword Puzzle


Contact Ms Lewis-El

School Phone:
215-878-1544 ext 147