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Body Systems-Notes

Systems of the Human Body

What is the main function of the respiratory system?

What carries the carbon dioxide to the lungs for exhalation?

What is the muscle underneath the lungs that aids in breathing?

What keeps air clean?

What contains the bronchial tree? What type of material?

What are the functions of the cardiovascular system?

What is the body’s hardest working organ?

What does blood travel through?

What type of blood vessels carries blood away from the heart?

Give three characteristics of arteries.

What are the smallest and thinnest blood vessels?

What is the function of capillaries?

What blood vessels return blood to the heart?

Compared to arteries, veins are…

What percentage of blood are red blood cells?

What do RBC transport?

What are leukocytes?

What is the function of white blood cells?

What are platelets responsible for?

What percentage of blood is plasma?

What is plasma?

What does the cardiovascular system transport?

How does the cardiovascular system protect the body?

What does the cardiovascular system regulate?

What does the digestive system do?

What is mastication?

Where does the digestive process start?

What is peristalsis?

When can the stomach stretch? When does it stop growing?

Where does the major part of digestion happen?

What is another name for the large intestine?

What tells you that you’re hungry?

What is the function of the urinary system?

What is the function of the kidneys?

How much urine can the bladder store?

What do the kidneys excrete and store?

How do the kidneys monitor blood pressure?

What is the endocrine system made up of?

What glands regulate how much of a hormone is in regulation?

What gland is known as the “Master Gland?”Why?

What are the major glands of the body?

Where are corticosteroids released?

Epinephrine and norepinephrine help body cope with physical and emotional stress. These hormones are more commonly referred to as …

What does the pancreas release?

What makes up the central nervous system?

What makes up the peripheral nervous system?

How do neurons communicate? How fast can this message travel?

How many neurons does the brain contain?

What does the spinal cord carry through the vertebrae? What makes up the thin bundle?

What are the 3 types of functions of the nervous system?

What part of the brain is the largest part of the brain and is composed of right and left hemispheres. It performs higher functions like interpreting touch, vision and hearing, as well as speech, reasoning, emotions, learning, and fine control of movement?

What part of the brain is located under the cerebrum. Its function is to coordinate muscle movements, maintain posture, and balance?

What part of the brain acts as a relay center connecting the cerebrum and cerebellum to the spinal cord. It performs many automatic functions such as breathing, heart rate, body temperature, wake and sleep cycles, digestion, sneezing, coughing, vomiting, and swallowing?

What are the 5 functions of the muscloskeletal system?

What are the two types of bones?

What are the two parts of the skeletal system?

What is the function of the axial skeleton?

What bones make up the axial skeleton?

What is the function of the appendicular skeleton?

What bones make up the appendicular skeleton?

Cartilage is a type of what?

What does a tendon connect?

What does a ligament connect?

What is the function of cartilage?

What are the 3 types of muscle? What are their functions?

What does the integumentary system consist of?

What is the largest organ of the body?

What does the skin protect against?

What are the two types of sweat glands?

What is the lymphatic system?

What does the spleen do?

What do the tonsils do?

What are the 3 main functions of the lymphatic system?

What is the purpose of the reproductive system?




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