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Aging and Disease Notes



Diseases Follow Along


Cause of disease-

Occurrence, how common-

Short duration-

Recurrent, long lasting-

Not presently active-

A widespread outbreak of an infectious disease-

Any change in bodily function associated with a disease-

Increasing the chance a person develops a disease-

The prediction of the course of a disease-

What is the difference between communicable and non-communicable diseases?

What is the leading cause of death in the US?

What are the risk factors for developing heart disease? 13

What are the complications of heart disease?

What lifestyle changes can help prevent heart disease?

What is one way to diagnose heart disease?

What happens to cell growth when cancer occurs?

What is the term for normal cells that are programmed to stop dividing and die?

What does metastasis mean?

What does CLRD stand for?

What diseases make up CLRD?

What are the causes of CLRD?-List 3

How can you prevent CLRD?-List 3

What is a stroke?

What happens to the brain when brain cells die during a stroke?

What percentage of strokes can be prevented in the US?

What are the two types of hemorrhagic stroke?

Why does an ischemic stroke happen?

What is a transient ischemic attack? (TIA)

What does FAST stand for?

How can you prevent a stroke?

What is diabetes?

What is the relation of insulin to type 1 diabetes?

What is the relation of type 2 diabetes and insulin?

What is gestational diabetes?

What are the risk factors for type 2 diabetes?

How can you prevent diabetes?

What are the complications from diabetes?

Aging Follow Along

What is the fastest growing population in the US?

What is aging most closely related to?

What is a better predictor for likelihood of contracting a major disease than age?

What does thinned out skin lead to?

What are the repercussions of an increase in permeability of the skin?

What does Vitamin D do? Where can you get vitamin D from?

Osteoblast means

Osteoclast means

Women tend to lose 8% of bone mass per decade after age …

Men tend to lose 3% of bone mass per decade after age …

Why do women lose bone mass earlier and to a greater extent?

What does arthritis mean?

Wear and tear arthritis is known as …

An autoimmune condition attacking synovial fluid is called …

When does muscular function begin to diminish?


What does sarcopenia mean? How do you slow it down?


What percentage decrease will your brain endure during your lifetime? What does this result in?


What often replaces glandular tissue effecting the endocrine system while aging?


Why do people have a harder time burning fat as they get older?


Over time what happens to the lining of blood vessels?


What happens to the veins valves with aging?


What happens to the elasticity and valves of the heart with aging?



What is the main cause of decline in respiratory function?


What is the most obvious sign of decline in the digestive system?


The kidneys become less adept at removing what form the blood with age?


What are the cells of the kidney called?


The urinary bladder loses elasticity causing it to hold less than what?


What happens to sperm production with aging? How does this affect their fertility?


In women, what is the cause of many age related alterations?


What can exogenous estrogen help prevent in women?


What is a major problem for women after menopause related to bone health?


What is osteoporosis?


How can you prevent osteoporosis?




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